ONE16 Edition1 (ONE16: The Theological Journal of Christian Witness to Israel)
Herod Antipas had killed John the Baptist and was seeking Jesus. The disciples had preached throughout Galilee, and many people were curious about Jesus v. John further identifies the Sea of Galilee as the Sea of Tiberias, an indication that his Gospel was written for those outside of Palestine. The Jewish people called this body of water the Lake of Genessaret. The Romans called it Tiberias, after the city built on its western shore by Herod Antipas and named for the Emperor Tiberius.
Two hundred denarii would have been almost two-thirds of a years wages. This is the only miracle of Jesus that is recounted in all four Gospels. The mens statement does not necessarily indicate that they believed Jesus was the Messiah. Some made a distinction between the Prophet and the Messiah compare , The bread v. Thus they concluded that Jesus was the Prophet that Moses had foretold. Perhaps these men felt that Jesus could lead them out of bondage to the Romans.
Christ was at the zenith of His popularity, and the temptation to take the kingdom without. And it was already dark, and Jesus had not come to them. I Am the Bread of Life 22 On the following day, when the people who were standing on the other side of the sea saw that there was no other boat there, except 4 that one 5 which His disciples had entered, and that Jesus had not entered the boat with His disciples, but His disciples had gone away alone. The parallel passages say that He went to the mountain by Himself to pray see Matt. Here is our greatest resource in times of testing.
It was already dark by the time the disciples got out on the lake. The wind began to pick up, setting the stage for Jesus to provide another revelation of Himself.
Only God could walk on water, calm the sea, and supernaturally transport the disciples to their destination. They assumed that Jesus was still there and were looking for Him. The Son provides life as a gift Set His seal on Him means that the Father has authorized and authenticated the Son as the Giver of life. Therefore, they asked for a signdespite the fact that they had just witnessed the miracle of the feeding of the multitudes.
Because the Holy Spirit is the power by which believers come to Christ and see with new eyes of faith, He is closer to us than we are to ourselves. Like the eyes of the body through which we see physical things, He is seldom in focus to be seen directly because He is the one through whom all else is seen in a new light. This explains why the relationship of the Father and the Son is more prominent in the Gospels, because it is through the eyes of the Holy Spirit that the FatherSon relationship is viewed. The Holy Spirit appears in the Gospel of John as the power by which Christians are brought to faith and helped to understand their walk with God.
He brings a person to new birth: That which is born of the esh is esh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit ; It is the Spirit who gives life It is through the Helper that Father and Son abide with the disciples This unied ministry of the Trinity is also seen as the Spirit brings the world under conviction of sin, righteousness, and judgment.
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He guides believers into all truth with what He hears from the Father and the Son It is a remarkable fact that each Person of the Trinity serves the others as all defer to one another: The Son says what He hears from the Father , 50 ; the Father witnesses to and glories the Son , 50, 54 ; the Father and Son honor the Holy Spirit by commissioning Him to speak in their name , 26 ; the Holy Spirit honors the Father and Son by helping the community of believers.
Like Father and Son, the Holy Spirit is at the disposal of the other persons of the Trinity, and all three are one in graciously being at the disposal of the redeemed family of believers. The Holy Spirits attitude and ministry are marked by generosity; His chief function is to illumine Jesus teaching, to glorify His person, and to work in the life of the individual believer and the church. JOHN 31 u Ex. What work will You do? How is it then that He says, I have come down from heaven?
If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and v the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world. The people probably also saw this miracle worker as the perpetual provider of physical needs rather than spiritual ones.
The manna had not come from Moses; it had been provided by God. Moreover, God still gives true breadthat is, eternal life v. Manna satisfied physical needs for a while; Christ satisfies spiritual need forever , On the other hand, Christ blesses those who believe without having seen Christ will not cast out any who come to Him because He came to do the Fathers will.
They complained that Jesus said He was the bread which came. Although this exact phrase is not found in Jesus statements, it is a fair summary of what He said vv. Jesus did claim that He was from heaven. To them, there was nothing supernatural about Jesus origin.
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Everyone, then, who hears and learns from the Father will come to Christ. John declares, No one has seen God at any time ; Here Jesus adds that only the Son has seen the Father. Though a person has not seen the Father, he or she can believe in Christ and have everlasting life. Those who believe in Him have life v. The manna in the wilderness did not ultimately sustain life.
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Those who ate it eventually died because it could not provide everlasting life. These verses teach that the benefits of Jesus death must be appropriated, by faith, by each individual. Tiberias The city of Tiberias stands on a rocky cliff on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee.
Founded by Herod Antipas about.. It was said to have occupied the site of Rakkath Josh. Because of this, it was declared unclean by the Jews, who would not enter the city. Although Tiberias was an important city in the days of Christ, there is no record that He ever visited it. Ironically, after the fall of Jerusalem in.. Here the Mishna was completed about.. The pointing system later used by the Masoretes to add vowels to the Hebrew text was rst developed in Tiberias. He who eats this bread will live forever.
Rejection by Many Followers 60 c Therefore many of His disciples, when they heard this, said, This is a 4 hard saying; who can understand it? The g words that I speak to you are spirit, and they are life.
For i Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who did not believe, and who would betray Him. Confession by Peter 67 Then Jesus said to the twelve, Do you also want to go away? You have l the words of eternal life. If You do these things, show Yourself to the world.
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It can include unbelievers see v. The context determines what meaning is intended. Here it simply means learner. Some of the crowd were students; they came to learn. Not all of these had believed in Christ. It was hard for the Jewish learners to accept the idea of eating flesh and drinking blood. Jews were forbidden to even taste blood. Because they did not believe, many of these disciples did not follow Jesus any longer v. There is a balance in this chapter between Gods initiative and human response.
The multitude is told about the election of the Father v. The same is true of the Jewish leaders vv. The similarity between the confession of Peter and the purpose statement of John is inescapable. Though he was a disciple and even one of the twelve, it is never said that he believed. Many common people had responded to Jesus with joy see Mark It was called the Feast of Tabernacles because for seven days the people lived in makeshift shelters or lean-tos made of branches and leaves.
The feast commemorated the days when the Israelites wandered in the wilderness and lived in tents see Lev. The festival was in September October, about six months after the events of ch. If you are doing miracles at all, then do them in Jerusalem at the Feast to convince the whole nation. These words were sarcastic, as v.